Injury & fitness


Running is one of the easiest & healthiest exercise for all age groups. It is often the first choice of new fitness enthusiasts and the reason behind that are low start-up costs, efforts and time. Running is the exercise that burns more calories than other mainstream exercise. The regular running habit can help you to reduce the risk of heart diseases, diabetes, etc.

young fitness woman trail runner running on city road

Injury while running is very common, according to the researchers estimate that approx 80% runners are injured every year. The highest number of injured people is new runners who override with high pace.You should read the  Points to avoid from injury

Points to avoid from injury:

1.Planning:Make a proper plan to run and includes all essential points in the list such as warm up time, running speed, running duration, start& end time, shoes, etc.

2.Warm Up:  Before start, it is very important to warm up the body. A warm up of 5-10 minutes help to build a strong muscle & prevent body from any future injuries.

3.Select the Right Shoes: According to your foot size, select the best comfortable athletic footwear.

4.Training: is very important for any exercise, same you can get instruction to make your running process easy & com fortable. A good training coach may help you to meet your running goals & prevent from injury.

“If you want to change your body, exercise. If you want to change your life, become a runner.”


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Hamstring Strain Exercises | Pulled Hamstring Rehab

Hamstring Strain Strengthening Exercises

The following strengthening exercises for the rehabilitation of hamstring injuries should be done progressively as part of our hamstring strain rehab program.

Hamstring rehabilitation exercises

The following is for information purposes only. We recommend seeking professional advice. Below are a number of progressively more difficult hamstring exercises. They should always be done pain free. Where you start and how fast you progress will depend on how bad your injury is and how long ago it was injured.

Isometric contractions

The athlete lies on their front in the prone position.  The partner or therapist provides resistance as the athlete contracts the hamstring muscles, holds for 3 or 4 seconds then relaxes. The angle of knee flexion is changed and the exercise repeated. Once a range of angles have been worked the whole process is repeated with the foot first turned first inwards then outwards. This exercise targets the inner and outer hamstring muscles at varying angles of flexion or knee bend.

Standing knee flexion

The athlete stands on one leg and bends the other one using gravity as resistance. This can be done gently and slowly to start with as an early stage exercise. Aim for 3 sets of 10 repetitions once a day building to 4 sets of 20 reps. Ankle weights can be used to increase the load further. As the athlete returns to running this exercise can be performed more explosively.

Hamstring catches

The leg is allowed to fall and the hamstring muscle catches the leg before it falls to the horizontal. It may take a while to get used to this one. The athlete must stay relaxed as the leg falls under the influence of gravity and only contracts the hamstring muscles to prevent the foot landing. This starts to work the muscles eccentrically with a very light dynamic training effect.

This should be done pain free both during, afterwards as well as the next day. A little bit of natural muscle soreness the following day is OK but if it is uncomfortable then take a step back. Again begin with 1 set of 10 reps and build up each day to 3 sets of 15 reps. An ankle weight can be used to increase the load on the muscle.

Bridge exercises

The athlete lies on their back, knees bent and pushes the hips upwards to work the gluteual miuscles and hamstrings. Use both feet on the floor pushing up to begin with. Hold the position briefly and then lower. Begin with 3 sets of 8 reps building to 3 sets of 12 reps then progress the exercise to single leg bridges.

Single leg bridges are done in the same way ensuring you squeeze the gluteal muscles and aim to maintain a straight line from the shoulder on the ground to the knee at the top point of the exercise. Again, begin with 3 x 8 reps and build up.

Seated hamstring curl

This is a deceptively difficult exercise which works the hamstring muscles specifically in a very contracted close range of movement.One end of a resistance band is tied to a fixed point or held by a partner and the other end secured to the foot. The athlete pulls the heel into the buttocks contracting the hamstring muscle to do so. Aim for 3 sets of 8 reps to begin building up to 3 sets of 12 or 15.

Single leg hip extensions

This is a more advanced version of a bridge. Using a step or box the athlete rests on their elbows and alternates each leg putting the heel down on the floor maintaining good core stability. It is important to keep the hips and shoulders still. As the heel touches the ground the gluteal muscles and hamstrings have to work isometrically to keep the body stable. This also works the hamstring muscles in a similar position as they are in when sprinting or accelerating.


Single leg ball pick up

This is another deceptively difficult hamstring exercise which looks easy at first glance. However with this one it is important to judge muscle soreness the next day before over doing this one. It works the hamstring muscles in a very stretched position, particularly the muscle fibers nearer the buttocks.

The athlete places on foot in front of the other and bends down to pick up the medicine ball. They then repeat the movement to put the ball back down. Repeat this 5 to 10 times.

Lunge with ball

A basic lunge is performed while holding a ball to aid balance. This exercise strengthens the glutes, hamstring muscles and quadriceps muscles. The athlete stands with the injured leg a wide stance in front of the other. Holding a medicine ball close to the chest the weight is shifted onto the front leg and back knee bent dropping it down to the floor.


Good mornings

Another deceptively difficult exercise which looks easy but checking the level of muscle soreness the next day is important before doing to many of these is important. This exercise is a more advanced version of the single leg ball pick up and works the lower back and hamstring muscles eccentrically, especially the fibers towards the top of the thigh. The athlete bends forwards at the waist keeping the back straight. This also works the hamstrings as they stretch.


Norwegion leg curl

One of the most advanced hamstring exercises. The athlete kneels down while the therapist holds the ankles. They then slowly lean forwards as far as they can under control using the hamstrings to resist the forwards movement. A super advanced version of this is to use the hamstrings to curl back up again.

Pain at the back of the thigh | Posterior Thigh Pain

Back Thigh Pain

Posterior thigh pain or injuries at the back of the thigh can be acute or sudden onset, or they may be chronic and develop gradually over time, or following an acute injury which fails to heal properly. The most common is a hamstring strain.

Hamstring Strain

A hamstring strain or pulled hamstring is felt as a sudden sharp pain at the back of the thigh. Treatment involves immediate first aid of rest, ice and compression followed by a full rehabilitation and exercise program.

Cramp- Hamstring Muscles

Cramp is a painful contraction of the muscle that happens involuntarily or without the athlete intending it to happen. Leg cramps affect most people training hard at some point in time with the hamstring muscles commonly affected.

Hamstring - Contusion

A hamstring muscle contusion involves a direct blow to the back of the thigh causing the muscle to be crushed against the bone.

Hamstring Origin Tendonitis

Hamstring tendinitis is inflammation of the hamstring tendon as it attaches to the ischial tuberosity at the top of the back of the thigh.

Pain in the hamstring region can originate from the lower back, sacroiliac joints or muscles of the buttocks such as the gluteus maximus and piriformis muscle.

Tight Hamstring Muscles

Tight hamstring muscles are common and most of the time will not cause a problem. However they may be more prone to severe strains or contribute to other problems such as back pain.

Hamstring pain is usually either an injury to the hamstring muscles, or is being referred from somewhere else. Here are some less common causes of pain in the back of the thigh.

Groin Pain | Groin Injuries

Groin Pain

The most common cause of pain in the groin is an acute groin strain and this is frequently seen in twisting and turning sports such as American football, rugby and soccer.  Whereas acute groin strains can take 2 to 3 weeks to recover, chronic groin injuries can take months if not years to clear up, often because there are several possible causes.

A groin strain is a tear or rupture to any one of the adductor muscles resulting pain in the inner thigh. Groin injuries can range from very mild to very severe injuries that are completely debilitating.

The adductor muscles can become inflamed through overuse or following injury resulting in pain and stiffness at the top of the groin.

A hernia occurs when an internal part of the body (such as the intestine), pushes through a weakness in the overlying muscle wall, resulting in a soft lump.

Gilmore’s Groin can also be known as a Sportsmans Hernia, athletic pubalgia, slap shot gut and sports hernia. A true Gilmores Groin has nothing to do with a hernia. We talk to Jerry Gilmore himself who explains all.

The iliopsoas muscle is a strong muscle that lifts the knee up. The muscle or tendon can become inflamed causing pain in the groin.

Spermatic cord torsion is the twisting of the testicle resulting in a reduced blood flow through the tissues which connects it to the abdomen. This can be a serious condition as a complete loss of blood flow would quite quickly result in death of the testicle.

Osteitis pubis, also known now as pubic bone Stress injury results in groin pain originating from the pubic bones at the front of the pelvis.

Scrotal contusion is bleeding and bruising in the scrotum or testicles following a direct impact to the area from a ball or opponent.

Iliopsoas bursitis is inflammation of the bursa which sits under the Iliopsoas muscle at the front of the hip. It is sometimes also called Iliopectineal bursitis.